Maximilian Terhalle is Reader in International Politics. He is also Senior Research Fellow at Cambridge and the London School of Economics. Before joining Winchester, Maximilian taught and conducted research at Yale, Columbia, Cornell and Oxford Universities from 2007 to 2012. During the years 2012 to 2015, he worked at the Universities of Potsdam, Berlin, Jena and Hagen (Germany). Maximilian received his DPhil from the University of Bonn and Master's degrees from the Universities of London and Bonn and obtained his ‘Habilitation’ from Potsdam University. He has also undertaken extended field trips to China and Egypt.
Strategy and Strategic Studies reflect Maximilian’s core and long-term research interests. Having spent ten years abroad (US, China, Egypt, UK) and based on several years of practical experience in- and outside the German government, he has greatly benefited from mirroring his readings (and sometimes his insights) both against the evolution of international politics and his manifold hands-on exchanges with practitioners in various countries. Three strands in particular characterise his scholarly activities in Strategic Studies.
First, framed by his previous theoretical classical realist and constructivist historical research on the English School’s foundational terms of international order and great-power management, he aims to develop a synthesis of these two branches of knowledge with psychological theories of individual, strategic decision-making. His practical experience as a former civil servant (Bundestag; Defence Department and the German Council on Foreign Affairs) and his ongoing involvement in the Defense Department (as reserve staff officer) have provided an excellent echo chamber in this regard.
Second, this approach has led him into examining the value of complementary understandings of strategic decision-making, such as analogies, narratives and, traditionally, ‘lessons of history’. Especially his second research interest bodes well, and benefits from, his earlier analysis of the evolution of biographical worldviews.
Third, Maximilian also explores the analytical tensions between the advantages of non-linear, if adaptive, long-term strategic planning introduced by Thucydides (as opposed to repeatedly linear predictions underlying temptations of forecasting), and the, most often, prevailing, short-term practice of implementing such strategies. While accepting the real-time constraints and pressures when decisions need to be made (without further readings), Maximilian argues along the lines of Clausewitz to the extent that, first, not all unknowns are unknown and unthinkable (often subdued by political disbeliefs prior to crises), including worst cases, and, second, that strategic education, as opposed to training, is designed to enable decision-makers and their key advisers to be prepared for, and cope with, contingencies. The countries whose strategic environment, domestic and international, and strategy-making interest him the most are the United States, China, Russia, and Germany.
Since 2009, he has published many peer-reviewed journal articles (e.g. in Security Studies, Review of International Studies, International Studies Perspectives, Climate Policy, Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen), peer-reviewed monographs and edited volumes, and edited peer-reviewed Special Issues. Moreover, Maximilian has received fully funded early- and mid-career research fellowships from the Fritz Thyssen Foundation (three years) and a one-year pre-doctoral fellowship from the German Academic Exchange Service.
Besides his academic publications, he has also written commentaries for the Frankurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Neue Zuercher Zeitung, Die Welt and the Financial Times as well as policy-related analyses for Foreign Policy, Survival and Middle East Policy, among others.
Prior to his academic career, he worked for the German Council on Foreign Relations and the Defense Department. In terms of military commitment, he holds the rank of Major (reserve) and is affiliated with the Defence Department.
Higher Education Teaching Qualification: Higher Education Academy Fellowship (FHEA).
Monographs and special issues (peer-reviewed)
- The New Power Politics of Global Climate Governance. Routledge 2016. Co-edited with C. Streck. Revised book edition of the Special Issue in Climate Policy (2013, see below), with a new introduction by Maximilian Terhalle and a new article by Robert Falkner.
- The Transition of Global Order: Contestation and Legitimacy, 2015. Palgrave Macmillan International Relations Series, 288 pp (Hardback; revised paperback version to be released in 2018.)
- International Relations Theory and the Moderation of Revisionist States. International Politics Special Issue 52:5 (2015), 589-676. Contributors: Robert Jervis, Arthur Stein, Gregory Gause, Louise Fawcett, Fred Lawson and Maximilian Terhalle.
- The New Geopolitics of Climate Change (co-ed. with C. Streck). Climate Policy Special Issue 13:5 (2013), 533-648. Contributors: Jutta Brunnee, Joanna Depledge, Karl Hallding, Erick Lachapelle, Matthew Paterson, Anthony Brenton, Charlotte Streck and Maximilian Terhalle.
- A Political Analysis of Conservative Thinking about Foreign and Security Policy during the Inter-War Period (Deutschnational in Weimar). Cologne: Böhlau Publishing 2006, DPhil thesis, 450 pp.
Journal articles (peer-reviewed)
- Transnational Actors and Great Powers during Order Transition. International Studies Perspectives 17:3, Aug. 2016. Read it online.
- Why Revolutionary States Yield: International Sanctions, Regime Survival, and the Security Dilemma. The Case of the Islamic Republic of Iran. International Politics 52:5 (2015), 594-608.
- Warum das Governance-Axiom gescheitert ist. Eine notwendige Kritik. Zeitschrift für Politik 62:3 (2015), 263-288.
- Kritische Anmerkungen zur Debatte um die „Politisierung internationaler Institutionen" (Remarks on the 'politicisation' debate). Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen 20:2 (2013), 117-139.
- Great-Power Politics, Order Transition, and Climate Governance: Insights from International Relations Theory (with J. Depledge). Climate Policy 13:5 (2013), 572-590.
- Reciprocal Socialization: Rising Powers and the West. International Studies Perspectives 12:4 (2011), 341-362.
- Realism's Military-Technical Wing and International Politics. International Studies Review 13:4 (2011), 514-524.
- Understanding the Limits of U.S. Power in the Middle East: Review Essay. Review of International Studies 37:2 (2011), 631-641.
- Revolutionary Power and Socialization: Explaining the Persistence of Revolutionary Zeal in Iran's Foreign Policy. Security Studies 18:3 (2009), 557-586.
- Stagnation im Mittleren Osten: Politisierte Religion als Reformmotor? Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft 16:3 (2006), 847-874.
- Other publications
- Security, Order and The Purpose of German Power. Lead author; co-author: Bastian Giegerich. Survival 58:2 (forthcoming 2016)
- The Munich Consensus and the Purpose of German Power. Lead author; co-author: Bastian Giegerich. Survival (IISS) Editors' Blog, 11 February 2016
- IB-Professionalitaet als Praxisferne? Ein Plaedoyer fuer Wandel. Zeitschrift für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik 9:1 (2016), 121-138.
- Introduction: International Relations Theory and the Moderation of Revisionist States. International Politics 52:5 (2015), 589-594.
- Bundespräsident Gaucks Münchner Rede – strategisch weitergedacht. Zeitschrift für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik online 2015 (5 pp.)
- China, the United States and Spheres of Influence in International Politics. Zeitschrift für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik online 2015 (5 pp.).
- Editorial: The New Geopolitics of Climate Change (with C. Streck). Climate Policy 13:5 (2013), 533-539.
- Is Unipolarity Peaceful? A Reply to Monteiro International Security, 2012). International Studies 48:4 (2012), 317-327.
- America or Asia? Internationale Politik, Global Edition 12 (2011), 52-56.
- The Sociological Turn: Bringing the Domestic Analogy Back In. A Reply to Buzan and Albert (European Journal of International Relations, 2011). International Studies 48:2 (2011), 165-175
- Are the Shia Rising? Obstacles for an Iranian Regional Hegemony. Middle East Policy Journal 14:2 (2007), 69-83.