We encourage our staff and students to be enterprising in all they do and we maintain close ties with regional employers

View content


I joined the University of Winchester in 2015 as Lecturer in Early Medieval European History, having taught previously at the University of St Andrews and University of Edinburgh. I completed an MA, MLitt and a PhD on representations of collective action in the Italian proto-communes at the University of St Andrews (graduated 2013). I have worked as a researcher for Mouseion Ltd and with Paradox Interactive.

My teaching interests include the Italian city communes and proto-communes, Church and Empire during the Investiture Contest, and representations of the Middle Ages in modern media.

Areas of expertise

  • Medieval Italian cities and bishops
  • The Investiture Contest
  • The Middle Ages in modern media


Forthcoming/In prep.

  • ‘The rebellion of Mantua against Matilda of Canossa (1091 - 1114)’ (In preparation)
  • 'I’m here for the dragons. The influence of popular media on undergraduate perceptions of the middle ages’ (In preparation)
  • 'Militant Italian bishops during the investiture contest’, in R. Kotecki, J. Maciejewski and J. S. Ott, eds, Clerics and War in Medieval Europe (Ashcroft, forthcoming)
  • ‘When the bishop’s away... : Absentee bishops of Parma during the Investiture Conflict’, in M. Penman, F. Lachaud and M. Brown, eds, Absentee Authority (Brill, forthcoming)

Articles and chapters

  • ‘The vocabulary of groups in eleventh century Mantua’, Early Medieval Europe, 24 (4). 448-77.
  • ‘Reconsidering Donizone’s Vita Mathildis: Boniface of Canossa and Emperor Henry II’ Journal of Medieval History 41 (4). pp. 388-408.
  • 'Review of Sleepwalking into a New World: The Emergence of Italian City Communes in the Twelfth Century’, in Al-Masaq: The Journal of the Medieval Mediterranean 27 (2015)
  • Analysis of Carole Hillenbrand: The Crusades Islamic Perspectives (Macat, 2014)
  • ‘Donizo di Canossa’, in R. F. Thomas, J. M. Ziolkowski, eds, The Virgil Encyclopedia (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)

Multimedia credits

  • Crusader Kings II (Paradox Interactive, 2012-15)
Staff Directory