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I am a graduate of the Universities of Glasgow (MA and MLitt) and Winchester (PhD). I have worked on various research projects relating to inquisitions post mortem and the New Victoria County History of Hampshire. Before being appointed Lecturer in September 2016, I taught medieval and Early Modern history at the Universities of Winchester, Chichester and Portsmouth. At Winchester I am Lecturer in Late Medieval History.

My thesis The Legality of Bastard Feudalism: The Statutes of Livery, 1390 to c. 1520 was completed in 2013. I am currently writing a monograph and several articles that expand on various aspect of my thesis. In particular, the book I am currently writing explores the nature of the enforcement of the statutes and the link between law making in parliament and law enforcement in the localities; the use of noble affinities in private wars and rebellions; and the broader social and cultural contexts in which ties of lordship were regulated and operated.

I am Co-Convenor of the University's interdisciplinary Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Research. I was Co-organiser of the 1215 - 2015: 800 Years of Riot and Protest Conference at the University of Winchester in June 2015, and am Co-Editor of the University's interdisciplinary Journal of Riot and Protest Studies, launched in July 2018.

Higher Education Teaching Qualification: Higher Education Academy Fellowship (FHEA).

Areas of expertise

  • English history c. 1300 - 1530
  • Scottish history c. 1300 - 1500
  • Medieval society and political culture
  • Rebellions and revolt
  • Late medieval warfare



  • Law, Politics and Society in Late Medieval England: The Statutes of Livery, c. 1390 to c. 1520. (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, forthcoming; anticipated publication in 2019)

Journal articles

  • Kingship and Good Lordship in Practice: Henry VII, the earl of Oxford and the Case of John Hale (1487), Journal of Medieval History [forthcoming, 2019].
  • Henry VIIs Letter to Carlisle in 1498: His Concerns about Retaining in a Border Fortress, Northern History, 54 (2017), 149-66.
  • The Bastardy of Edward V in 1484: New evidence of its reception in the inquisitions post mortem of William, Lord Hastings, Royal Studies Journal, 3 (2016), 71-9.
  • The Livery Act of 1429, The Fifteenth Century, 14 (2015), 55-65.


  • The Royal Prisoner of Henry IV and Henry V: James I of Scotland in Medieval Hostageship: Hostage, Captive, Prisoner of War, Guarantee, Peacemaker, eds. Matthew Bennett and Katherine Weikert (London and New York: Routledge, 2017), 158-73.
  • Records of an Imperial Administration? Inquisitions Post Mortem in Scotland and Calais in The Later Medieval Inquisitions Post Mortem: Mapping the Medieval Countryside and Rural Society, ed. Michael Hicks (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2016), 7-23.

In progress

  • Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem Volume 27: 1483-1485.
  • Why Medieval Revolts Matter. Editorial for the Journal of Riot and Protest Studies.

Popular history article

  • Henry Vs Unlikely Protg? James I of Scotland, BBC History Magazine (September 2018), 56-8.

Online publications


Interviewed by the BBC as historical expert for Entertainment & Arts feature Game of Thrones: Who is the true heir in August 2017.

Selected conference papers

  • Smashing the Nobility in the 14th and 15th Centuries? An Anglo-Scottish Comparison, International Medieval Studies Congress, University of Leeds, July 2018.
  • Henry VII, the earl of Oxford and the case of John Hale. Fourth Annual Medieval Studies Day, University of Winchester, April 2018.
  • Oaths about retaining in the reign of Henry VII. Fifteenth Century Conference, University of Essex, September 2017.
  • Recording Violence in Late Medieval England, International Medieval Congress, University of Western Michigan, Kalamazoo, May 2015.
  • Illegal Livery in the Fifteenth Century: The Identity of the Indicted. Fifteenth Century Conference, University of Aberdeen, September 2014.
  • Entourage, Affinity and Usurpation in Fifteenth-Century England. Kings & Queens 3 Entourage, University of Winchester, July 2014.
  • Ritual and Regulation: Livery in Late Medieval English Towns. Northumbria University Early Career Symposium on the Urban History of Pre-Modern Europe, June 2014.
  • Retaining Rebellion and Disorder in Late Medieval English Towns. Late Medieval Seminar, Institute of Historical Research, London, February 2014.
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