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I studied at the Universities of Bristol, Southampton and Oxford and worked briefly for the Victoria History of the County of Hampshire. I am a historian of Late medieval England, especially the nobility and the Wars of the Roses, and have written about all the Yorkist kings.

My primary research interests are in Late medieval English political, noble and religious history, especially the Wars of the Roses and Bastard Feudalism. I have written biographies of all the Yorkist kings. My interests range widely from politics and the aristocracy to religion (chantries and piety), the economy, society and ideologies. I work principally from narratives and records. Additionally I am interested in most periods of English local and regional history. Other academic interests are the Late medieval English church, especially chantries, and English regional and local history.

I have lectured at The University of Winchester since 1978, recently as Professor of Medieval History and Head of History. I was appointed Emeritus Professor in Sept. 2014.

Higher Education Teaching Qualification: Higher Education Academy Fellowship (FHEA).

Areas of expertise

  • English and European history between 1300 and 1700, especially bastard feudalism
  • The Wars of the Roses
  • Richard III
  • English local history



  • English Inland Trade 1430 - 1540: Southampton and its region (Oxbow, 2015)
  • The fifteenth-century Inquisitions post Mortem, a companion (Boydell Press 2012)
  • The Wars of the Roses (Yale University Press, 2010)
  • Anne Neville, Queen to Richard III (The History Press, 2007)
  • Edward IV (Hodder Education, 2004)
  • Edward V (The History Press, 2003)
  • The Wars of the Roses (Osprey Essential Histories, 2003)
  • English Political Culture in the Fifteenth Century (Routledge, 2002)
  • Richard III (The History Press, 2000)
  • Warwick the Kingmaker (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998)
  • Bastard Feudalism (1995)

Book chapters

  • The Yorkist Age? In P. M. Kendall, The Yorkist Age (Anchor Publications, 2013)

Main journal articles

  • Henry of Bolingbroke’s Yorkshire Perjuries in 1399 Revisited, Northern History (2009)
  • The Second Anonymous Continuation of the Crowland Abbey Chronicles 1459 - 1486 revisited, English Historical Review (2007)
  • Bastard Feudalism, Overmighty Subjects, and Idols of the Multitude during the Wars of the Roses, History lxxxv (2000)
  • Cement or Solvent? Kinship and Politics in Late Medieval England: The case of the Nevilles, History lxxxiii (1998)
  • Edward IV's Brief Treatise and the treaty of Picquigny of 1475, Historical Research 83 (2010)
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